Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: The role of health-related behavior and social support

Williams, L, Connor, R C, Howard, S, Hughes, B M, Johnston, D W, Hay, J L, Connor, D B, Lewis, Christopher A, Ferguson, E, Sheehy, N, Grealy, M A and Carroll, R E (2008) Type-D personality mechanisms of effect: The role of health-related behavior and social support.

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Objective To (a) investigate the prevalence of type-D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) in a healthy British and Irish population; (b) to test the influence of type-D on health-related behavior, and (c) to determine if these relationships are explained by neuroticism. Methods A cross-sectional design was employed; 1012 healthy young adults (225 males, 787 females, mean age 20.5 years) from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed measures of type-D personality, health behaviors, social support, and neuroticism. Results The prevalence of type-D was found to be 38.5%, significantly higher than that reported in other European countries. In addition, type-D individuals reported performing significantly fewer health-related behaviors and lower levels of social support than non-type-D individuals. These relationships remained significant after controlling for neuroticism. Conclusion These findings provide new evidence on type-D and suggest a role for health-related behavior in explaining the link between type-D and poor clinical prognosis in cardiac patients.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Metadata only available from this repository. This article was published in the Psychosomatic Research Journal by Elsevier in 2008. The published article is available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.008Contact the author via email at - ca.lewis@glyndwr.ac.uk for information about this article.
Keywords: cardiovascular disease, health-related behaviour, neuroticism, social support, Type-D personality
Divisions: ?? GlyndwrUniversity ??
Depositing User: ULCC Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2011 09:13
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 20:06
URI: http://glyndwr.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/170

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