Isolation and Rheological Characterization of Mucuna flagellipes Seed Gum

Nwokocha, Louis M and Williams, Peter A (2009) Isolation and Rheological Characterization of Mucuna flagellipes Seed Gum.

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Abstract

The gum from M. flagellipes seed endosperm has been isolated and characterised using capillary viscometry and steady shear and small deformation oscillatory rheometry. The endosperm was found to constitute 67.15% of the whole seed and yielded 32.6% of gum. The Huggins and Kraemer plots obtained by capillary viscometry gave an intrinsic viscosity of 7.9 dL/g and viscosity average molecular mass was calculated to be 2.1 x 106 using the Mark Houwink relationship. The zero shear viscosity was plotted against the coil overlap parameter, C[ç], and the slopes of the lines in the dilute and semi-dilute regions were found to be ~ 1.0 and 4.6 respectively. The curves were fitted to the Tuinier and Martin equations and showed only qualitative agreement. The shear flow viscosity profiles indicated that M. flagellipes gum did not exhibit significant shear thinning at polymer concentrations less than 0.5%, however, at higher concentrations, pronounced shear thinning was observed with the relaxation time (ô) increasing with increase in polymer concentration. The dynamic viscosity profiles showed that at all polymer concentrations examined, a Newtonian plateau was obtained at low frequencies indicating that the loss modulus was the dominant response. Plots of log ç versus log ﻵ and log ç* versus log ù were not superimposible and hence did not obey the Cox-Merz rule.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The article was published by Elsevier and can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2008.08.014Copyright © 2008 Elsevier Ltd
Keywords: Mucuna flagellipes, seed gum, isolation, rheological properties
Divisions: ?? GlyndwrUniversity ??
Depositing User: ULCC Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2011 09:14
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2017 20:06
URI: http://glyndwr.repository.guildhe.ac.uk/id/eprint/248

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